The Ghazal is a very interesting poetry form and it exists throughout the whole of the
Moslem world having originated as an Ottoman poetry form. As the Moslem religion spread
throughout the Ottoman Empire, so also did their poetry.
Mostly the Ghazal is far from religious in its subject matter and indeed the form appears
to be blessed with an abundance of erotica. This is probably why the form became very popular
in Europe in the 1800's and then later in the US with the "Flower Power" generation.
Unfortunately the essential elements have been lost with these "Modern Ghazals" and now is the
time to revive them or at least make it known what those essentials were.
The Ghazal is a series of couplets each one capable of standing alone as a poem. The first couplet
is called the matla or the place where the heavenly body rises. This sounds like a pretty
good start for a poem.
This couplet also sets the meter of the poems and the rhyming pattern. In the
true Ghazal, the last word/s of both lines of the first couplet must be the same and similarly,
the last line of the following couplets must also end with the same word/s.
Modern Ghazals seem only to rhyme these last words. Below is an example which
follows a more modern pattern.